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The 4th Population and Housing Census (PHC) 2015 was conducted from 1-7 March 2015 according to the Prime Ministerial Decree No 89/PM, dated 11 September 2013. The PHC carries out in the country every 10 years from 1985.

The 2015 PHC is important as it provides statistics to facilitate planning and decision making activities of the Government planners and policy makers. The information it gives based on collection of data from almost every individual in the country is invaluable for a variety of development plans and programs relating to poverty alleviation, health, education, drinking water, sanitation, improving other infrastructural facilities, promotion of gender equality and empowering women, improving the quality of life of inhabitants of remote areas.

This national report of the 2015 PHC of Lao PDR  contains detailed and disaggregated information on demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population and households at the national and provincial level. The results have highlights a number of changes over the past ten years. It is our hope that the data and information from this PHC will be useful to ensure inclusive and sustainable growth and development of the country in particular for the planning, monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the 8th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (2016-2020) and Sustainable Development Goals.